SEZIONE DI FIRENZE
Number Theory is a subject full of curiosities, amusing problems and compelling challenges. The purpose of the seminar is to explore - within the context of simple arguments - the rich and elegant interplay that exists between the realms of numbers and the world of quantum mechanics. In particular we discuss a quantum mechanical potential that has, semiclassically, the prime numbers as eigenvalues and the so-called Coprime Quantum Chain, i.e. a strongly correlated lattice
system based on the divisibility properties of the occupation numbers of a Bose gas, the exponentially large degeneracy of its ground state and the surprising ability of this quantum system to simulate several different
classes of universality, including those of the Ising or the q-state Potts model.