FI: PROPERTIES OF NUCLEI IN THE N=Z=50 REGION INVESTIGATED VIA MULTI-NUCLEON TRANSFER REACTIONS AND LIFETIME MEASUREMENTS - MARCO SICILIANO 
 ELENCO COMPLETO 

DATA: 09-12-2019

SEZIONE DI FIRENZE
The tin nuclei, representing the longest isotopic chain between two experimentally accessible doublymagic nuclei, provide a unique opportunity for systematic studies of the evolution of basic nuclear properties when going from very neutron-deficient to very neutron-rich species. A little over a decade ago, they were considered a paradigm of pairing dominance: the excitation energies of the first 2+ and 4+ states are rather constant along the Sn isotopic chain, and the B(E2; 2+→0+) values for isotopes with A>116 present a parabolic behavior expected for the seniority scheme. On the other hand, the B(E2; 2+→0+) values measured for neutron-deficient Sn isotopes remain constant with N. Unfortunately, the lack of information on B(E2; 4+→2+) strengths in light Sn nuclei, combined with large experimental uncertainties on the B(E2; 2+→0+) values, prevent firm conclusions on the shell evolution in the vicinity of the heaviest proton-bound N=Z doubly-magic nucleus 100Sn. To remedy this, the first lifetime measurement in neutron-deficient tin isotopes was carried out using the Recoil Distance Doppler-Shift method, providing a complementary solution to the previous Coulomb-excitation studies. Thanks to the unusual application of a multi-nucleon transfer reaction, together with unprecedented capabilities of the powerful AGATA and VAMOS++ spectrometers, the lifetimes of the 2+ and 4+ states in 106,108Sn have been directly measured for the very first time. Large-scale shell-model calculations were performed to account for the new experimental results. In particular, the comparison of the B(E2; 4+→2+) values with the theoretical predictions shed light on the interplay between quadrupole and pairing forces in the vicinity of 100Sn. An interpretation has also been proposed for the anomalous B(E2; 4+→2+)/B(E2; 2+→0+) ratio observed not only for the Sn isotopes, but also in other regions of the nuclear chart. (Marco Siciliano)


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