The data of Particle and Fundamental Physics in space 2006 have been presented today in Rome. The Italian-Chinese conference on fundamental space research took place last April in Peking and was supported by Infn with the Beihang University and with the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology. A lot of scientists, coming from all over the world took part, preparing the grounding for new important projects between Italy and China.
China is since time extremely active in aerospace field: in 2005 the first space walking was realized thanks to an equipe of two cosmonauts and in 2006 a Chinese probe will start to orbit around the moon in order to identify the landing point of a mission, foreseen for 2012. These and more projects require strong collaborations, as the one with Infn, by now consolidated.
“Infn has carried out since time joint astrophysics projects with China, both with space and earth experiments. Infn Italian researchers and Chinese researchers are involved in Ams-02 experiment: it is located aboard the International Space Station and its aim is to study antimatter and dark matter. Argo experiment is on the contrary located on earth, on Tibet tablelands and it is dedicated to the study of high-energy cosmic rays” has declared Roberto Petronzio, Infn President
“Infn with its tradition of scientific excellence and its relationships with China and Japan could represent a helpful pulling for industrial and technological structures of our country, which are based on nuclear physics and look at Asia for fruitful collaborations. It is an innovative, but very important concept: the research centres are ambassadors of the Italian technology throughout the world” has said Vincenzo Monti, plenipotentiary minister and coordinator for 2006 the year of Italy in China.
More than 120 experts in the field of international space research, coming from all of the participated in the Peking meeting. There were very remarkable speeches, such as the one of the Casc -the Chinese Centre for the realization of all the launchers and probes in orbit, including the inhabited ones- chief design engineer, the representative of Nasa, Asi, of Japanese agency (Jaxa) and the Russian one.
The Chinese conference finished with a round table on the international collaboration for the realization of more complex and ambitious space projects than the current ones. In particular, contacts are in process for the development of new techniques for monitoring from space of forerunner phenomena of earthquakes. “Since time Infn physicists have been developing detectors able to measure with precision possible electromagnetic disturbs generated - when an earthquake is about to take place- by the so-called Van Allen belts, formed by charged particles trapped in the earth magnetic field out of atmosphere. There are indications both on earth and Space that such a mechanism is correct, but we do not have any final evidence for the moment. Infn and China have been discussing for nearly a year on the realization of an instrument that should be put aboard of a satellite to study this kind of phenomena. The instrument will be based on the technologies of the particles detectors developed in these last ten years by Infn for the space projects Ams and Pamela” has explained Roberto Battiston, director on Perugia Infn unit and coordinator of the meeting in China.
Scientific projects of this level cannot leave aside from strong collaborations with the space industries. The most important aerospace firms, such as Alenia/Alcatel Space, Carlo Gavazzi Space, G&A Engineeering, Angelantoni Industries, National Instruments participated in fact in SpacePart and have been starting new and positive relationships with the Chinese industries.
“SpacePart in China was a precious occasion to create and deepen not only scientific contacts, but also technical and commercial ones between Chinese and Italian aerospace world. The participation of the major Italian firms of the field, which showed their products and their technologies in Peking, proves that our country can cooperate with China even in the scientific research and high technology field. It proves also in an excellent way that advanced research can be a useful instrument to offer new market occasions for the Italian industries” has concluded Roberto Petronzio, Infn president.