|The site of the SuperB accelerator in the campus of the University of Roma Tor Vergata
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Signed today the official startup of the Laboratory Nicola Cabibbo. The international centre for physics, promoted by Infn and University of Rome Tor Vergata, will lead - within six years – to the construction of SuperB accelerator on the campus of Rome Tor Vergata.
The birth of the Laboratory Nicola Cabibbo was signed today. The new international centre for fundamental and applied physics has been promoted by the National Institute for Nuclear Physics and the University of Rome Tor Vergata that made official today the establishment of a consortium for the realization of the SuperB. The SuperB project is one of the most significant of the 14 flagship projects of the National Research Plan of the Ministry of Research and it was endorsed by the Economic Planning document of CIPE with a financing of 250 million euros. 'The flagship projects - declared the president of Infn Roberto Petronzio - represent a new path in public funding for research, in line with similar strategies in other European countries for the establishment of an European park of scientific infrastructure'
It is then the starting event for the SuperB project, which aims to complete within 6 years the construction of the accelerator and will become a large infrastructure for basic and applied research and for the development of technological innovations.
In the coming days will be announced the nominations for the management of the Consortium and for the technical and scientific board, composed by five experts from four different countries.
Within few months it is expected that the initiative could enjoy the membership of the Italian Institute of Technology involved in the development phase of the project, as well as the participation of foreign laboratories and research institutions who have shown their interest for the SuperB. France, the United States, Russian Federation and Canada have already signed Memorandum of Understanding for the 'Technical Design Report' phase of the project.
"We are at the start of a tough challenge, but certainly worthy of being carried out - Petronzio said - The support of the Italian Government has been and will be crucial to achieve on schedule our ambitious goals and the success of the SuperB project will consolidate and boost the high level of competitiveness of Italy in research and technological innovation."
The project involves the construction of a large electron-positron collider which will occupy an area of approximately 30 hectares on the University of Rome Tor Vergata campus and be closely linked to the INFN Frascati National Laboratories, located nearby.
The physicists' objective is to cast light on some of the great questions of contemporary physics: on the mechanisms which led to the disappearance of antimatter shortly after the Big Bang at the dawn of the history of our Universe, for example, or on the forces which hold the fundamental components of matter together. The SuperB research programme can be seen as complementary to that of CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC), since the two accelerators deal with two different frontiers of experimental subnuclear physics: intensity and energy. The SuperB will concentrate on increasing the rate of the particle beam collisions which produce extremely rare physical phenomena that have not yet been fully explored, while the LHC, which has enormously increased the energy at which collisions take place, investigates the new physics with this different method. The leap forward in the luminosity (the number of collisions produced) of the SuperB is based on ideas developed in Italy and experimented at the INFN Frascati National Laboratories, using the Dafne collider.
However, the same infrastructure will also provide new technologies and advanced experimental instruments for research in the domains of solid state physics, biology, nanotechnologies and biomedicine. Once operational, the SuperB will immediately offer to a broad interdisciplinary scientific community, both Italian and international, the opportunity to use the syncrothron beamlines located along the collider's path. Several of these facilities will collect and focus the “synchrotron light” coming from the electrons during their race around the accelerator. Beams of light with unique coherence and collimation characteristics will enable biological or inorganic structures to be visualized at a nanometer resolution and allow ‘micro-snapshots' to be taken of the biochemical processes underway. They can be used for the construction of nanostructures or electronic components and will be useful for the synthesis of new drugs or innovative materials.
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